A common postpartum nursing diagnosis is knowledge deficit, according to Elsevier. Depending on the patient's needs, the knowledge deficit may concern breastfeeding, infant care, maternal-child health, postpartum depression or conception prevention. Child safety, diet, infection control, labor and delivery, and sexual functioning are other potential areas of knowledge deficit.
A nursing diagnosis is a clinical judgment about the patient's experience or response to their specific health situation, according to NANDA International. It is not intended to replace the patient's medical diagnosis. Instead, it looks at potential underlying causes for the patient's health condition. Nursing diagnoses are developed after performing a thorough nursing assessment.
Each nursing diagnosis is associated with nursing interventions that increase the patient's knowledge about the specified topic. A knowledge deficit regarding the postpartum time period leads to nursing interventions, such as instruction about proper exercise activities, nutritional counseling, health education and weight reduction assistance, according to Elsevier. The nurse may also educate patients about Cesarean section and general postpartum care. For knowledge deficit concerning breastfeeding, nursing interventions include obtaining breastfeeding assistance and lactation counseling for the patient. For a patient with knowledge deficit regarding infant care, a health professional may provide information about infant nutrition and safety.