Postmenopausal symptoms can include vagina dryness and atrophy, as noted by Healthline. Similarly, the lack of estrogen caused by menopause is also related to bone loss in postmenopausal women, which can lead to symptoms such as the weak and thinning bones associated with osteoporosis.
The term postmenopause refers to a stage after menopause in which women do not experience a menstrual cycle for at least 12 consecutive months. Through the menopausal years, women can experience symptoms such as night sweats, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, dry skin and insomnia.
After menopause, vaginal atrophy, also called atrophic vaginitis, can occur in women because the ovaries are no longer producing estrogen. The symptoms of atrophic vaginitis are vaginal walls that become thin, dryness, vaginal burning sensation and painful urination. Women after menopause are more susceptible to urinary tract infection due to vaginal atrophy. This condition also affects nearly 40 percent of postmenopausal women, as stated by Healthline. For some postmenopausal women, vaginal moisturizers and estrogen replacement therapy may be helpful for atrophic vaginitis.
The decrease of estrogen associated with postmenopause can also lead to weak or thin bones. Bone fractures, loss of height and a stooped back can occur in women with osteoporosis. Postmenopausal women are also at a higher risk level for osteoporosis, according to WebMD. Treatment options for osteoporosis can involve estrogen replacement therapy, calcium and vitamin D supplementation and the taking of medications that slow down bone loss, such as ibandronate (Boniva).