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What are possible side effects of cataract surgery?

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Possible side-effects of cataract surgery include worsening or temporary development of dry-eye syndrome, reports Gulfcoast Eye Care. Also, the outer lining of the lens may get clouded months or years after surgery, states WebMD. Sometimes, retinal detachment can occur, says All About Vision.

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Like other surgeries, cataract surgery can also cause certain common side effects, such as pain, swelling, infection and bleeding. At times it can lead to more serious side effects, states All About Vision.

Development of dry-eye syndrome for a short period or worsening of the problem is one of the most common, serious side effects of cataract surgery. However, its symptoms normally subside within three months. In a few cases, it may persist for a year or more, in which case treatment is possible through prescription medications, oral supplements, artificial tears and thermal pulsation therapy, explains Gulfcoast Eye Care.

During cataract surgery, the outer lining wall of the cataract is left intact to support the replacement implant. Sometimes, this lining gets cloudy, with the condition occurring months or even years after surgery. This problem can be treated through YAG laser treatment, which opens a small hole in the lens to restore normal vision painlessly, states WebMD.

Rarely, retinal detachment may occur, which should be reported as quickly as possible to the eye surgeon. Symptoms of retinal detachment are loss of vision, acute pain and nausea, says All About Vision.

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