It is generally not possible to reverse the joint and bone damage caused by osteoarthritis in the lower back or other areas of the body, according to the American College of Rheumatology. Specifically, bones in the spinal area that have already collapsed cannot be repaired, says the New York Times.
Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General, published by the National Institutes of Health, explains that osteoporosis, or osteoarthritis, is one of the most common types of arthritis, and it affects millions of Americans. As a result of the disease, bone density decreases, and causes the bones to become brittle and more susceptible to breaks and fractures. In some cases, the bone damage is mild and occurs gradually over many years. Sometimes, however, a fracture, disease, or some other catalyst can trigger rapid deterioration leading to severely decreased mobility or debilitating pain.
The American College of Rheumatology notes that although there is no known way to reverse the effects of osteoarthritis, there are several treatments that serve to alleviate pain and restore some amount of mobility in the affected joints. Some of the most common forms of arthritis treatment are prescription drugs, physical therapy and invasive surgery.