Natural sleep aids include regular exercise, avoiding naps, choosing a calming bedtime ritual, and going to bed and waking up at the same time each day, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Additionally, medication and behavioral approaches such as stimulus control and limiting time spent in bed are also effective.
Insomnia is a symptom of other issues that shows up as troubled sleep, explains the National Sleep Foundation. Causes of insomnia include pain, stress, depression, certain medications, diseases and poor sleeping habits. Insomnia may last from a few days to longer than three weeks. Chronic insomnia that lasts longer than three weeks is difficult to self-treat and may require the attention of a sleep specialist.