The possible long term effects of a hysterectomy are pelvic floor disorders, pelvic organ prolapse, urinary and anal incontinence, bowel dysfunction and constipation, according to a study conducted by Dr. Forsgen and Altman published in Aging Health. Some less-substantiated long term effects are cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction and cancer.Continue Reading
The probability of developing urinary or anal incontinence later in life after a hysterectomy ranges from 25 to 45 percent, as reported by Dr. Forsgen and Altman. Incontinence can develop as soon as one year after a hysterectomy, but usually takes around 10 years to manifest. Anal incontinence is due to the damaging of the anal sphincter complex during surgery.
One in a thousand women that undergo a hysterectomy experience a pelvic organ prolapse. The onset of bowel dysfunction can occur immediately after surgery or as a long term effect, resulting in constipation or rectal emptying difficulties, state Forsgen and Altman. Bowel dysfunction, such as flatus incontinence and fecal incontinence, is more associated with a vaginal hysterectomy than compared to an abdominal hysterectomy. Associations have been made with cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction and cancer as long-term effects of hysterectomy surgery, but studies that have been conducted so far do not correlate the effects with vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy surgery, as of 2015.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy