The possible complications of a partial hysterectomy include an adverse reaction to the anesthesia, damage to the surrounding organs or tissue, and heavy bleeding or infection around the surgical site, according to Healthline. These are typical risks associated with any surgery and occur very rarely. Hysterectomies are a very common procedure, and doctors consider them a safe and effective treatment for many serious conditions affecting the reproductive organs.
In a partial hysterectomy, the surgeon removes a portion of the uterus, leaving intact the fallopian tubes, ovaries and sometimes the cervix, explains Healthline. All types of hysterectomies prevent women from having monthly periods or becoming pregnant. However, unlike radical or total hysterectomies, a partial hysterectomy does not cause the woman to enter menopause. If the woman retains her cervix, regular Pap smears continue to be necessary.
Recovery time from a hysterectomy takes approximately four to six weeks, but this varies depending on how the doctor performed the surgery, according to WomensHealth.gov. While in recovery, the woman must avoid heavy physical activity, lifting or straining, and should not take baths in a tub or engage in sexual intercourse. Because the ovaries remain intact, there is less likelihood of the menopause-related symptoms common with a total hysterectomy, such as vaginal dryness or reduced sexual pleasure.