Removal of uterine polyps may cause some minor cramping and bleeding immediately after the procedure. Complications resulting from the hysteroscopy are rare but include perforation of the uterus, bleeding, infection, damage to the urinary or digestive tract, and negative reactions to anesthesia, according to eMedicineHealth.
Uterine polyps can cause irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding, abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods and infertility, states Cleveland Clinic. There is also a risk of the polyps being cancerous. Removing the polyps carries very little risk of complications and can provide benefits such as eliminating symptoms and treating infertility. During a hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a long, thin tube with a light to examine the uterus. A doctor may perform a hysteroscopy to diagnose polyps, remove them or obtain a sample to test for cancer.
Medications may be useful in controlling the symptoms of uterine polyps but are not a permanent solution. If the polyps cause severe symptoms or result in miscarriage or infertility, surgical removal is advisable, explains Cleveland Clinic. To remove polyps during a hysteroscopy, the doctor uses curettage to scrape off the polyps. If the curettage is unsuccessful in eliminating the polyps or if they turn out to be cancerous, a hysterectomy may be necessary. This procedure involves the complete removal of the uterus.