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What are the possible complications of hip surgery?

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Some of the possible complications of hip-replacement surgery include blood clots, infection, fracture, dislocation and an uneven leg length, says Mayo Clinic. Another possible complication is the failure of the new joint to connect solidly to the bone. The joint can also cause hip pain if it becomes loose years later.

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The formation of blood clots in the leg post surgery is a dangerous complication as a torn part of a clot can reach the lung, heart or brain, explains Mayo Clinic. Doctors usually recommend blood-thinning medications to lower the risk of blood clots. In the case of an infection, antibiotics are prescribed to treat the problem. Physicians sometimes perform surgery when a major infection close to the prosthesis occurs in order to replace the prosthesis.

Hip-joint fractures may occur during surgery, but the fractures are often tiny and heal naturally, states Mayo Clinic. Patients who undergo hip-replacement surgery are advised to avoid bending more than 90 degrees at the hip and should never allow the leg to reach the middle part of the body. These are preventive measures that help avoid the dislocation of the new joint.

Some individuals have an uneven leg length after surgery due to weak muscles around the hip, according to Mayo Clinic. The problem can be corrected by stretching and strengthening the weakened muscles gradually.

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