Common causes of back pain encompass a wide range of health conditions, including mechanical problems, acquired disorders and diseases, injuries, infections and abnormal growths, states WebMD. Emotional stress may also aggravate and prolong the physical discomfort experienced by a person with back pain.
Back pain pertains to the pain felt in the posterior region of the human body that extends from the neck down to the spine. It can be a mild, throbbing ache or an acute, intense pain, notes the United States' National Institutes of Health. Back pain is not a disease but a typical manifestation of an underlying medical condition.
Mechanical problems that result in back pain include convulsive twitching, ruptured disks, muscular tension and disk breakdown, which is medically referred to as intervertebral disk degeneration. This disk deterioration is directly linked to the aging process. Trauma to the spine, such as broken bones and sprains, also lead to back pain. Sprains may occur from improper lifting of objects or carrying heavy things. Fractured vertebrae, meanwhile, are attributed to osteoporosis. Other injuries that may trigger back pain include accidents and falls.
Back pain may also be experienced by patients diagnosed with certain disorders and illnesses. These include scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, spinal stenosis, endometriosis, kidney stones, fibromyalgia. Expectant mothers may also feel back pain during the course of their pregnancy.