A cervical polyp is diagnosed through a physical examination and a biopsy, according to MedlinePlus. During the physical examination, if the doctor sees fingerlike smooth growths that are smooth and red or purple, a cervical biopsy is performed to determine if the polyp is cancerous. Most cervical polyps are benign.
Symptoms of cervical polyps include vaginal bleeding after intercourse or douching, yellow or white mucus, very heavy menstrual periods and abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods or after menopause, explains MedlinePlus. Women should contact a doctor if the have abnormal vaginal bleeding and discharge, or if menstrual periods become abnormally heavy.
Young women who have not yet started menstruating typically do not develop cervical polyps, although they are common among older women, advises MedlinePlus. Cervical polyps are often diagnosed in women aged 20 and older who have children. Some women develop multiple cervical polyps, but most only develop one. The cause of cervical polyps is unknown but may result from chronic inflammation, clogged cervical blood vessels and an abnormal response to increased estrogen levels.
Treatment options to remove cervical polyps include twisting off the polyp at the base, cutting off the polyp after tying a string around its base and removing the polyp with forceps, details Healthline. Liquid nitrogen, laser surgery or electrocautery ablation is used to destroy the polyp base.