What Is Planter Fasciitis Surgery?


Quick Answer

Plantar fasciitis surgery is a procedure during which doctors cut part of the plantar fascia ligament, which connects the heel bone to the toes, to release tension and reduce inflammation, notes WebMD. Doctors may remove heel spurs or loosen foot nerves in combination with plantar fasciitis surgery for patients with related problems or long-term pain.

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Full Answer

Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia ligament becomes strained, resulting in weakness and inflammation, states WebMD. Doctors may recommend surgery if plantar fasciitis severely restricts people's normal activities; however, in about 95 percent of cases, surgery is not necessary. Doctors perform plantar fascia release surgery by cutting into the ligament via open surgery or through endoscopic surgery, in which they insert instruments through small incisions.

During plantar fasciitis surgery, doctors may make incisions on either side of the plantar fascia to relieve tension, or they may remove the ligament from the heel bone, according to WebMD. If necessary, surgeons also smooth the bone surface of the heel or remove damaged tissue. The abductor hallucis is the thickest part of the foot muscle, and a surgeon may have to free it during plantar fasciitis surgery to prevent nerves from becoming trapped in the foot after the procedure. More than 75 percent of people who have plantar fasciitis surgery feel less pain afterwards.

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