Plantar fasciitis treatment options include taking certain medications, performing certain stretches and strengthening exercises, and undergoing extracorporeal shock wave therapy, according to Mayo Clinic. Wearing appropriate shoes and maintaining a healthy weight may aid in relieving pain. Surgery may be necessary if pain persists.
Anti-inflammatory pain relievers, such as naproxen and ibuprofen, may aid in alleviating inflammation and pain, Mayo Clinic explains. With the help of a physical therapist, the patient can perform exercises to strengthen leg muscles and stretch the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. In addition, the sufferer can support the foot with athletic taping.
While sleeping, the patient can wear splints to stretch and support the calf, plantar fascia and Achilles tendon, explains Mayo Clinic. Additionally, he can place an ice pack on the affected area for 20 minutes several times a day, as well as wear low to moderate heels to support the arches. Athletes should replace shoes after every 500 miles or change to sports with lower impact, such as cycling and swimming.
A doctor can inject soft parts of the foot with steroids to reduce pain, notes Mayo Clinic. In chronic conditions, sound waves administered to the affected area can relieve symptoms, but this can also result in swelling, pain, bruises or tingling.