Pelvic inflammatory disease, otherwise referred to as PID, is an infection of the female reproductive organs and one of the most serious complications in sexually transmitted diseases among women. PID can cause irreversible damage to various organs in the female reproductive system and is the leading cause of preventable infertility among women. It is usually treated by the administration of two antibiotics, according to MedicineNet.
Treatment should begin immediately after diagnosis of PID as most cases of damage that occur prior to treatment cannot be undone. It is important to take all of the prescribed antibiotics, even after symptoms disappear, to ensure the infection is completely cured. According to MedicineNet, follow-up appointments should be made two to three days after beginning antibiotic treatment to ensure the treatment is working effectively. Damage caused by PID also includes ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain.
Unfortunately, many women do not realize they have PID because they do not experience any symptoms. The most common symptom is pain in the lower abdominal region, but other symptoms may include fever, vaginal discharge, irregular periods and pain in the upper right abdomen. If PID is caused by gonorrhea, symptoms can come on fast and exhibit acute pain and extreme fever, notes MedicineNet.