Having more energy, feeling better, improved sleep and living longer are some of the physiological benefits of exercise, according to Mayo Clinic. Getting regular exercise helps reduce the risk of a number of chronic health conditions and diseases, including cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, stroke, arthritis and some types of cancer. Exercise also helps prevent and manage depression, stress and overall mood.
Exercise helps people lose and manage weight, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dieters need to burn more calories than they consume in order to lose weight. A combination of a healthy diet and a regular exercise plan is best for shedding extra pounds. Individuals managing or maintaining a healthy weight need to strive for a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week, or 75 minutes of high-intensity exercise. A combination of the two is also effective, and individuals need to find the proper balance for their needs.
Exercise supports healthy bones, joints and muscles, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Moderate-intensity aerobic and strengthening exercises slow the loss of bone density, reduces the risk of hip fractures, and improves symptoms and pain management in patients with arthritis and other bone conditions. Muscle-strengthening exercises support building and maintaining muscle mass and strength levels for people of all ages.