Teaching patients how to use crutches without putting weight on the leg closer to the fracture, using multiple strategies to manage pain, and implementing a strength-training regimen are the physical therapy techniques used for patients with pelvic fracture. The focus is restoring hip strength for balance, notes Move Forward.
Within the first day or two after a low-impact pelvic fracture, the therapist teaches the patient proper crutch use to avoid placing any strain on the side nearer the injury. These activities may begin with passive motions that the therapist uses on the hip and leg joint and may then progress to stretches and exercises that the patient performs independently. Such hands-on techniques as "soft tissue mobilization" and "trigger point techniques" are common therapeutic treatments. Therapists use ice, ultrasound, taping, electrical stimulation and manual therapy to manage and minimize pain, as stated by Move Forward.
After the patient has made some progress, the physical therapist tailors a weight-training program for his needs. Such tools as free weights, weight machines, stretch bands, stationary bicycles, treadmills and elliptical machines target the muscles in the core and hip to restore strength to provide necessary balance for stability walking, running and performing other physical activities, according to Move Forward.