Physical therapy exercises for the shoulder include the circular pendulum, shoulder flexion and supported shoulder rotation, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. These exercises can restore the shoulder's normal range of motion and flexibility if done properly and under the advisement of an orthopedic surgeon or physical therapist.
Physical therapy exercises are usually effective if performed between 10 and 15 minutes per session two or three times daily, states the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. The circular pendulum is performed by bending the waist at a 90-degree angle while holding onto a nearby table for support. The body and arm then move in a circular fashion, while the arm moves clockwise 10 times and then counterclockwise 10 more times.
Shoulder flexion can be performed either sitting or laying on the floor, reports the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Each hand holds the other before the affected shoulder lifts the arm above the head while maintaining as much straightness as possible. Between 10 and 20 repetitions are recommended. The patient can opt for the supported shoulder rotation exercise while sitting near a table or other similar surface. By locking the shoulder blades together, the patient must keep his elbow down on the surface while attempting to slide the forearm back and forth 10 times.