During a physical exam, women undergo an inspection of their genitalia, which includes a Pap smear, a visual scan of the vagina, vulva and nipples, and a physical search for lumps in the breast tissues, according to WebMD. Doctors also test their blood, urine and vital signs.Continue Reading
Pap smears and human papillomavirus tests screen for the presence of abnormal cells in the cervix, which may indicate the existence or risk of developing cervical cancer, as noted by WebMD. A woman's physical examination of her breasts is conducted by feeling around the breast tissue and the surrounding lymph nodes in the underarms to detect the presence of lumps or enlarged lymph glands. The appearance of the nipples is also analyzed to rule out any signs of breast cancer.
In addition to these exams, a nurse takes note of a woman's weight, height, blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and respiration rate. A doctor is likely to use a stethoscope to listen to a woman's lungs and heartbeat to rule out any congestion or heart defects. A doctor should perform various additional tests to assess a woman's neurological and sensory functioning, according to WebMD. Women should also have their abdomens analyzed to test for enlarged organs, and they should undergo an examination of their throat, eyes, ears, thyroid, tonsils, teeth, tongue, sinuses and carotid artery.Learn more about Women's Health
During a female medical exam, a woman can expect the doctor to review her medical history, perform a physical exam and screen her for certain medical conditions, explains the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. For a woman between the ages of 40 and 64, the doctor may screen for certain medical issues, update vaccinations and assess her risk of contracting certain medical problems, reports MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
During a gynecological exam, the doctor inserts a speculum into the vagina to view the cervix and then collects cells from the cervix to send to a lab to look for abnormalities, notes WebMD. The doctor may also collect vaginal fluid to test for infection, and he may perform bimanual and rectal exams.Full Answer >
Piles, also referred to as hemorrhoids, cause symptoms in women that include anal itching, tender lumps around the anus and leakage of fecal matter, explains Mayo Clinic. Women with piles may also notice streaks of red blood on toilet tissue when wiping after a bowel movement.Full Answer >
Uterine fibroid tumors are firm and rubbery growths that form on the uterine lining in women, ranging in size from minuscule lumps to large masses, explains Mayo Clinic. The tumors are most common during the childbearing period and are usually not cancerous.Full Answer >