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How does a peripheral vestibular disorder cause inner ear disturbance?

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Quick Answer

Peripheral vestibular disorders do not cause inner ear disturbances but are symptoms of inner ear disturbances, reports WebMD. A number of diseases, viruses and other medical conditions can cause problems in the inner ear and provoke peripheral vestibular disorders. Treatments for peripheral vestibular disorders depend on the conditions that cause the inner ear disturbances.

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Viruses may cause inner ear disturbances such as vestibular neuronitis and labyrinthitis, and anti-inflammatory drugs can help manage the symptoms, according to WebMD. If diseases or viruses cause peripheral vestibular disorders, patients may also feel pain and have a sensation of fullness in their ears. Small crystals floating in inner ear fluid cause benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, or BPPV, and a treatment exercise called the Epley maneuver helps restore balance. Stress, alcohol, caffeine and salt may provoke Meniere's disease, which involves hearing loss as well as peripheral vestibular disorder. Cutting down on the exacerbating factors relieves the symptoms.

Sudden pressure changes or head injuries may cause perilymph fistula, and breakdown of a portion of the inner ear canal may cause superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome, or SSCDS, explains WebMD. Treatment for these inner ear conditions may involve surgery. Sometimes, the conditions that provoke peripheral vestibular disorder are chronic, and ongoing treatments include exercise, medications and lifestyle changes.

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