Slightly above 78 percent of double-lung transplant patients survive the first year, and slightly more than 63 percent of patients survive for three years, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Over 51 percent of double-lung recipients survive for five years, as of 2015.
Double-lung recipients have a median survival rate of 6.6 years, notes the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Receiving a double-lung, rather than a single-lung, transplant more than doubles the chance of the patient living for more than 10 years, according to John Hopkins Medicine. One advantage of double transplantation is that the new pair of lungs is already prepared to function as a unit when they replace the old pair.