Penicillin treats different illnesses by preventing the spread of bacteria, according to MedicineNet. It treats such ailments as middle ear infections, laryngitis, bronchitis and urinary tract infections.Continue Reading
MedicineNet mentions that penicillin is a mold that hampers bacterial growth. It was discovered in 1928 and was an effective medicine for soldiers during World War II. Since then, penicillin has been synthesized for intestinal absorption and to fight more infections. Wikipedia mentions extended-spectrum penicillin, which is the most effective type of penicillin for treating a broader range of diseases.
MedicineNet adds that penicillin does not kill bacteria but prevents them from dividing and forming protective cell walls. Since bacteria cannot survive without cell walls, they usually die from being unprotected. Penicillin can be taken in the form of injections, chewable tablets or capsules, and the dosage varies on the patient. Penicillin levels in the blood increase with the aid of probenecid, which slows down the kidney's ability to expel penicillin. It is also used so a lower amount of penicillin results in high blood levels.
MedicineNet claims that penicillin is considered safe to use for pregnant women, but it can get into the mother's nursing milk, which may result in allergic reactions or diarrhea in infants. However, it is used to treat infections in newborns. General side effects of penicillin include itching, vomiting, insomnia and rashes.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Penicillin is a family of antibiotics used for fighting many bacterial infections. According to Mayo Clinic, medications in the penicillin group work both by killing target bacteria and by inhibiting their growth and reproduction inside the body.Full Answer >
Penicillin normally takes a few hours to about 5 days to take effect; however, it doesn't relieve pain. Penicillin is a combination of antibiotics that only protects the body from bacterial infection or treats the body against current infection. Penicillin normally inhibits the new bacteria, but it does not work when bacteria replicates.Full Answer >
Penicillin antibiotics, which are available only by prescription, should not be used after the expiration date found on their prescription label, according to Mayo Clinic. One should follow all the prescribing doctor's orders in taking penicillins and dispose of any remaining medicine after a course of treatment.Full Answer >
Penicillin comes from molds of the genus Penicillium. The scientist Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin accidentally, but he was never able to obtain a pure sample of the organism; however, he did find that penicillin was potent against bacterial growth.Full Answer >