The term "pelvic phlebolith" refers to a small mass that grows in the wall of a vein in the pelvic region. Pelvic phleboliths resemble an accretion of lime or calcium, and they are generally harmless. Since they do not ordinarily manifest symptoms, it is common for them to be detected only incidentally to a pelvic X-ray, according to Reference.com.Continue Reading
Pelvic phleboliths are generally of no clinical importance, as they are not diagnostic of any medical conditions apart from hemangiomas, which are themselves harmless growths inside the blood vessels, and do not cause the patient discomfort, according to Wikipedia. When phleboliths do show up on an X-ray, they can be difficult to identify properly. This is especially the case for pelvic phleboliths, as they can easily be mistaken for kidney stones or other calcified masses. Phleboliths are more common in the lower regions of the body, which makes the confusion with kidney stones lodged in the ureters even more likely.
Pelvic phleboliths are very common. Wikipedia states that phleboliths in the pelvic region occur among 1 in 3 men and half of all women, with the incidence rising with the patient's age. Phleboliths occur outside of the pelvic region less commonly--around 2% of the time.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
A blood clot behind the knee may indicate deep vein thrombosis, a condition in which a blood clot forms in a vein, which sometimes leads to a fatal condition called a pulmonary embolism. According to John Muir Health, a pulmonary embolism causes a sudden blockage in a lung artery due to a clot that breaks free and travels from the leg. See a doctor if a blood clot is suspected.Full Answer >
When a thrombus, or blood clot, suddenly moves from a vein in the leg to an artery the lung, it is called a pulmonary embolism. It is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical intervention. Pulmonary embolism can cause organ damage and death, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, deep vein thrombosis is caused by a blood clot forming in a vein deep inside the muscle tissue. This is often prompted by surgery that reduces blood flow to a body part, but can it also be caused by injuries, diseases and lifestyle factors.Full Answer >
Common treatments for thrombosis include blood thinners to decrease clotting, clotbusters administered through an IV to break up existing clots, and filters that are inserted into a vein in the abdomen, explains Mayo Clinic. Individuals with thrombosis can treat the condition by wearing compression socks to apply pressure to legs.Full Answer >