What Is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?


Quick Answer

Pelvic organ prolapse is a pelvic floor disorder that affects women, states WebMD. Organs such as the vagina, bladder, uterus, rectum and small bowel descend or droop with this condition. Pelvic organ prolapse can occur from genetics, childbirth, obesity, a hysterectomy, constipation, a long-term chronic cough or pelvic organ cancers.

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Full Answer

Pelvic organ prolapse can be referred to as rectocele, uterine prolapse, cystocele, vaginal vault prolapse, urethrocele or enterocele, explains WebMD. Symptoms of a pelvic organ prolapse include constipation, lower backache, pressure or fullness in the pelvic area, painful intercourse, urinary issues and bleeding or spotting from the vagina. Some women with pelvic organ prolapse do not experience any symptoms. Pelvic organ prolapse can be diagnosed by a routine pelvic exam, MRI pelvic scan, urinary tract X-ray, pelvis ultrasound or CT pelvic scan.

Treatment for pelvic organ prolapse includes the surgical removal of the affected organ or tissue; behavioral remedies such as Kegel exercises; and mechanical treatments such as the insertion of a pessary into the vagina for support, according to WebMD. Treatment is determined by the severity of symptoms. Although some causes of pelvic organ prolapse, such as age, family history, childbirth or a hysterectomy, are unavoidable, abstaining from smoking and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of this condition.

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