Causes of pelvic pain include appendicitis, broken pelvic bones, kidney infections, hernias, intestinal complications or sexually transmitted diseases, according to WebMD. Women specifically may experience pelvic pain as a result of uterine fibroids, menstrual cramps, miscarriage, endometriosis or ectopic pregnancy. In rare cases, pelvic pain can signify cancer.
Symptoms of pelvic pain in women signifying a more serious underlying medical condition include fever, constipation, bloating, pain in the hips or groin, bloody stools, painful intercourse, or vaginal spotting outside of a woman's normal menstrual cycle, notes WebMD. If any of these occurrences develop alongside pelvic pain, it is important to visit with a doctor to analyze the symptoms and determine an appropriate course of treatment.
The doctor is likely to question a patient's medical history and perform a physical exam of the pelvis. He may also order blood work and urine tests to rule out several complications. Men and women can have cultures taken of their penis or vagina to test for the presence of STDs. Patients who have abnormal bowel movements may need to provide stool samples or undergo a lower endoscopy to view the inside of the rectum. According to WebMD, imaging procedures, such as X-rays, ultrasounds, computerized tomography scans, bone density screenings and magnetic resonance imaging, provide visibility into the pelvis area, which aids in diagnosis of pelvic pain.