What is PCOS?


Quick Answer

"PCOS" stands for "polycystic ovary syndrome," and it is a hormonal endocrine disorder, explains PCOS Foundation. PCOS leads to imbalances in estrogen, progesterone and androgen, says the U.S. National Library of Medicine. PCOS often causes fertility problems, and symptoms typically start during teen years, when a woman begins menstruating.

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Full Answer

Symptoms of the disorder include problems menstruating, excessive body hair, obesity and acne, explains PCOS Foundation. Diabetes, high blood pressure and insulin processing problems are often comorbid with PCOS.

Both medication and lifestyle changes are used to treat PCOS, explains the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Losing weight, though difficult with PCOS, often improves symptoms. Medications, such as metformin, birth control and hormone pills, treat various symptoms of the disorder though there is no cure.

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