The parts of a scientific lab report include the abstract, introduction, experimental methods and materials, results, discussion, conclusion and references, according to Purdue University. Evergreen Valley College adds a title page and applicable appendices. Each part of a lab report has specific data with a specific purpose so scientists and professionals can read each lab report clearly.
Purdue University explains the abstract is a one- or two-sentence summary of the report that includes the report's objectives and then brief statements on the method, conclusion and results. The introduction functions as the lab report's thesis statement that explains why the lab was conducted, and it includes research questions. The experimental method section explains exactly how the lab was carried out. The results section lists data with facts, figures, charts and tables. The discussion area expounds upon why the results are significant, and the conclusion is similar to the abstract with just one or two sentences. References include prior research used to back up the lab and are similar to a bibliography or works cited page.
Any appendices can include raw data, according to Evergreen Valley College. The appendices are the place to look for additional details in a lab report when this type of data was left out of the main body. Lab reports are utilized in all areas of health and science to convey information with the same basic structure.