What Are the Parts of the Female Reproductive System?


Quick Answer

The female reproductive system includes the cervix, ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes and vagina, explains MedlinePlus of the National Institutes of Health. This system produces the egg that is necessary for reproduction and transports it for possible fertilization. If fertilization occurs, the reproductive system cares for the fertilized egg throughout pregnancy.

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Full Answer

The ovaries are located at the top of the female reproductive system, on both sides of the uterus. These glands produce the woman's eggs. The eggs travel through the fallopian tubes, which connect the ovaries to the uterus, according to WebMD. If the eggs are fertilized by sperm, the process generally occurs within these tubes.

The uterus is the womb of the reproductive system. The fetus sits inside this hollow organ as it grows. The cervix serves as a passageway between the uterus and the vagina, states WebMD. During intercourse, it produces mucus that helps move the sperm into the uterus for possible fertilization. During pregnancy, the uterus closes to keep the growing fetus inside the body. When it starts to open, childbirth begins.

The vagina is the opening of the female reproductive system. It connects to the bottom of the cervix and the baby travels through the vagina during childbirth, says MedlinePlus.

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