What Parts Comprise the Female Reproductive System?


Quick Answer

Ovaries, oviduct, uterus, cervix, and vagina are the parts that comprise a female reproductive system, according to Cleveland Clinic. External structures include labia majora, labia minora, clitoris and Bartholin’s glands.

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Full Answer

A woman can produce up to seven million eggs during her lifetime, which are stored in the two ovaries. Eggs move from the ovary to the fallopian tube awaiting fertilization every month. If fertilization does not take place, the eggs move to the uterus and pass out through the vagina during menstruation, according to eSchoolToday. The fallopian tube has cilia structures that facilitate mature eggs in moving smoothly to the uterus. The uterus has a smooth lining and is elastic, with muscles and ligaments that hold it in place. The vagina is a tube connecting the cervix and the outside of the body, and it receives sperms during sex.

External structures, protected by the labia majora, play a major role in sexual intercourse, according to Cleveland Clinic. The clitoris is sensitive to stimulation and becomes erect when stimulated during sex. In addition, during sex, the Bartholin’s glands located on either side of the vagina opening secrete mucus, which acts as lubricant. The labia minora is delicate and easily becomes swollen or irritated.

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