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How is Parkinson's disease treated?

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Quick Answer

Parkinson's disease can be treated with medication, surgery, healthy eating and exercise, according to Mayo Clinic. An individual with Parkinson's disease may also want to consult an occupational therapist for advice on making everyday tasks easier, including eating, bathing and dressing.

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Full Answer

Medications can be prescribed for Parkinson's disease to increase the amount of dopamine in the brain in order to help manage movement, says Mayo Clinic. Medications commonly prescribed for Parkinson's disease include carbidopa-levodopa, MAO-B inhibitors, dopamine agonists and anticholinergics. Over time, the effectiveness of medication can either diminish or become less consistent.

Deep brain stimulation is a common surgical procedure used to treat Parkinson's disease, notes Mayo Clinic. The procedure involves planting electrodes in the brain to reduce symptoms associated with the disease. There are some risks involved with the surgery, including brain hemorrhage, infections and stroke. Deep brain stimulation is often reserved for individuals who have advanced Parkinson's disease.

Those with Parkinson's disease are encouraged to eat a diet rich in whole grains, fruits and vegetables, according to Mayo Clinic. The constipation associated with the disease can be addressed by drinking plenty of fluids and consuming foods rich in fiber.

Proper exercise is recommended, since physical activity helps with muscle strength, flexibility and balance, says Mayo Clinic. An individual can work with a physical therapist to create an effective and personalized exercise regime.

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