Paranoid schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia that involves patients having delusions or false beliefs that one or more people are persecuting or plotting against them, according to WebMD. Patients with paranoid schizophrenia can also have auditory hallucinations. They tend to be anxious, aloof, argumentative and prone to anger.
Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common schizophrenia type, reports Medical NewsToday. People with paranoid schizophrenia may have a false belief that they are much more powerful than they really are and may spend a considerable amount of time trying to protect themselves from attackers. Most patients with this condition have fewer issues with concentration, memory and dulled emotions compared to people with other types of schizophrenia. Regardless of the better ability to function and think, this is still a lifelong condition that could lead to suicidal behavior if left untreated.
Other symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia include becoming increasingly socially isolated, having exaggerated feelings of jealousy and feeling overly guarded, suspicious and tense, according to MedlinePlus. Friends and family members of people with this condition may find it difficult to convince them that they are not the target of persecution or a malicious plot.
Genetics, fetal malnutrition, childhood abuse and severe stress during the early stages of life are common risk factors for paranoid schizophrenia, notes Medical NewsToday. People with a parent who suffered from paranoid schizophrenia have a 10 percent chance of developing it themselves.