Bone cancer has many painful symptoms including bone pain, actual broken bones, swelling around the bones and sensitivity to touch around the area, reports the Mayo Clinic. It can be difficult to determine whether the problem is bone cancer, however, because many bone cancer symptoms are similar to arthritis.
If a person develops any of these symptoms, then the person should visit to the doctor's office immediately. Bone cancer also can include symptoms such as tiredness and weight loss, according to the American Cancer Society. It is currently not known what causes bone cancer, although it is known that bone cancer begins in the DNA of a cell, where the cells are told to grow in mass amounts; this can lead to tumors, reports the Mayo Clinic.
There are different types of bone cancers that include chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma. It is important for the doctor to determine what type of bone cancer a patient has in order to offer the best treatment, reports the Mayo Clinic. When treating bone cancer, doctors will create personalized treatment plans that may involve radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. Sometimes the doctor may need to perform an amputation in order to fully remove the bone cancer tumors in the body.