Pain in the toes can be a symptom of gout, according to Mayo Clinic. The pain of gout is caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints. This type of joint disease often attacks the big toe.
Though gout is more common in men, the incidence of women contracting it rises after they reach menopause, claims Mayo Clinic. Risk factors include a diet high in animal products, such as organ meats and seafood. Consuming drinks sweetened with fructose also puts a person at higher risk. People who are obese and have comorbidities like diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome are also more likely to develop gout.
Osteoarthritis can also attack the joints of the toe, claims the Arthritis Foundation. Like gout, arthritis often attacks the big toe. In this form of arthritis, the cartilage between the bones starts to wear down, and the bones start to grind against each other and cause stiffness and pain.
Pain in the toes can also be a symptom of a dislocation, according to MedlinePlus. The joint of the toe can become injured due to a fall, having something heavy dropped on it or an injury sustained in a sport. The joint is quite painful, swollen and obviously deformed.