Pain relief options for Morton's neuroma include foot pads, arch supports, ice massages, anti-inflammatory medications, more comfortable footwear and a temporary decrease in activity, according to Mayo Clinic. Severe cases that resist treatment may require steroid injections, decompression surgery or surgical removal of the affected nerve.
Morton's neuroma involves swelling of the material around the nerves that extend to the toes, most commonly the nerve between the third and fourth toe, as noted by Mayo Clinic. This can constrict the nerve, causing burning pain and numbness in the ball of the foot. Decompression surgery involves severing surrounding structures, such as the ligaments that hold some of the bones of the foot together, to give the nerve more room. Removing the nerve itself frequently has the side effect of leaving the toes permanently numb.
This condition does not cause any obvious change in appearance, states Mayo clinic. Similar symptoms can arise from fractures in the same region of the foot. Definitive diagnosis of Morton's neuroma requires an X-ray, ultrasound or MRI. Risk factors for the condition include wearing high-heeled shoes, playing sports that require tight shoes or put the foot under repetitive stress, and foot deformities such as hammertoes or bunions.