Treatments for leg pain include rest, applying ice or heat, over-the-counter pain medications, stretching, and gentle massage. However, there are various causes for leg pain, and some have different treatment methods, according to WebMD.
Parts of the legs that may be affected with pain are the joints, bones, muscles, veins and arteries, and nerves. Pain in the joints, bones and muscles is commonly treated with conservative methods such as rest, stretching and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs. Causes of this kind of pain include muscle cramps, shin splints, a broken bone, or a sprained knee or ankle, explains WebMD. Broken or sprained bones may require a cast or brace.
Pain is also caused by problems with the blood vessels which include blot clots, varicose veins, infections and arterial diseases. Treatment for blood clots and arterial diseases is often focused on weight loss, no smoking, healthy diet changes and regular exercise, says WebMD. Infections are treated with warm soaks or antibiotics. Those with varicose veins may benefit from support stockings and alternating between standing and sitting during the day.
Other treatments for these conditions include medications that help with high cholesterol, blood pressure or diabetes. Sometimes surgery is required to improve the blood flow, according to WebMD.