Medical conditions such as plantar fasciitis, flat feet and metatarsalgia can cause pain at the bottom of the foot, explains Mayo Clinic. Wearing ill-fitting shoes or engaging in high-intensity exercise programs and sports activities may also contribute to foot pain.
Plantar fasciitis causes heel and arch pain. People with plantar fasciitis typically experience foot pain in the morning or after exercising, states the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. Treatment options include over-the-counter pain medications, stretching exercises and ice therapy to decrease pain and inflammation. If left untreated, plantar fasciitis can cause back, hip and ankle problems.
Flat feet occurs when foot arches collapse and straighten, states WebMD. People with flatfeet may have to wear shoe inserts, walk with a cane or wear a foot brace. Physical therapy and resting the feet frequently help reduce pain and discomfort. Metatarsalgia is a condition that causes inflammation in the balls of the feet. Treatment options include shoe inserts, over-the-counter pain relievers and wearing comfortable shoes.
Seek medical attention if experiencing sharp, sudden pain or if the painful area appears red or swollen, advises Healthline. People with prior foot injuries, or those who develop a fever after experiencing foot pain, should also seek medical attention to determine if other causes, such as an infection, are the underlying reasons for foot pain.