What are some overactive bladder medications?


Quick Answer

Trospium, tolterodine, solifenacin, oxybutynin, mirebegron and darifenacin are used to treat an overactive bladder, according to Mayo Clinic. These drugs relax the bladder, relieving urinary urgency and helping people with overactive bladder to avoid leakage.

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Full Answer

Dry eyes and dry mouth are two of the most common side effects of the drugs used to treat overactive bladder. As explained by MedlinePlus, these drugs may also cause headaches, constipation, flushing, dizziness and nausea. Oxybutynin is available as a patch that delivers the active ingredient, oxybutynin hydrochloride, across the skin. Experts from the Bowel & Bladder Foundation say that using the patch may reduce the side effects of the drug significantly. This is because the drug is absorbed directly into the bloodstream and does not have any contact with the stomach or liver.

If oral medications or patches do not work to control overactive bladder symptoms, a doctor may prescribe Botox injections. Injecting Botox, or OnabotulinumtoxinA, partially paralyzes the bladder muscles. These injections may help control overactive bladder for up to nine months, according to Mayo Clinic. However, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved Botox injections to treat overactive bladder in people who do not have neurological disease. These injections may not be appropriate for people who have chronic health issues.

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