Treatment for chlamydia involves antibiotics, which require a prescription from a physician, according to WebMD. Commonly prescribed antibiotics include azithromycin, doxycycline, erythromycin, amoxicillin and levofloxacin. Azithromycin and doxycycline cure chlamydia in approximately 95 percent of cases. Treatment with antibiotics is necessary for patients with a positive chlamydia test, sex partners of people diagnosed with chlamydia and newborn infants of mothers with active chlamydia infections during childbirth.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages, says Healthline. Common symptoms include a sensation of burning during urination, yellow or green discharge, pain in the lower abdomen or testicles, and painful intercourse in women. Women younger than age 25 have the highest rate of infection, but testing is important for people of all ages who have multiple sex partners. Infection is also possible in the anus or in the throat. Since chlamydia is bacterial, it is possible to be reinfected after treatment if additional exposure occurs.
Untreated chlamydia in women can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, a painful condition that damages the pelvic organs and frequently requires hospitalization. Scarring of these organs may cause infertility, warns Healthline. In men, untreated chlamydia may cause painful inflammation within the testicles or infection in the prostate gland.