Over-the-counter medications that can help to treat toothache quickly include pain relievers and topical ointments, such as Orajel. If the toothache goes on for more than two days, it is important to see a dentist.
Pain relievers, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, are often recommended for temporary pain relief. Topical treatments may work faster, however, as they are applied directly to the tooth and don't have to move through the blood stream. The topical treatments contain benzocaine, a pain reliever.
There are also home remedies that can work to treat toothache pain quickly. Leaving the tooth alone, for example, may work to eliminate the pain. People should not eat on the side of the pain and should not drink liquids that are too hot or cold. Another option is to use salt water for pain relief. In this case, a person should mix a few teaspoons of salt in a cup of warm water, then swish the water around. If the pain is caused by something stuck between the teeth, flossing can also help.
A natural pain reliever for the teeth is clove oil. To use clove oil, a person can soak a cotton ball in the oil and bite down on the cotton for several minutes. People should be careful, however, as too much clove oil can burn the gums.