According to the Center for Menstrual Disorders and Reproductive Choice, ovarian cysts range in size from small to large and are similar in appearance to minuscule balloons. Functional ovarian cysts are considered a normal part of the ovulation process. The cysts develop on the ovaries during ovulation and typically rupture on their own. Pathological ovarian cysts are considered abnormal and usually require medical treatment.Continue Reading
WebMD explains that types of nonfunctional ovarian cysts include dermoid cysts, cystadenomas and endometriomas. Dermoid cysts often contain skin cells, hair and teeth. Cystadenomas develop on the external cells of the ovaries and typically contain fluid. Endometriomas are painful cysts that present on the uterine linings in women who suffer from endometriosis.
Mayo Clinic notes that ovarian cysts are common and many types of cysts do not cause painful symptoms. However, ruptured or large cysts can cause symptoms such as nausea, bloating, bladder distension, difficulty when urinating, swollen breasts, painful bowel movements and back pain. Mayo Clinic also explains that it is important for women to seek immediate medical attention if they experience abrupt symptoms such as intense pelvic pain, vomiting or fever, as well as symptoms of shock that include weakness, accelerated breathing and dizziness.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
Symptoms of a large ovarian cyst include a dull ache in the pelvic area that may radiate to the thighs and lower back and pelvic pain at the very beginning and end of a menstrual period, says Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms are painful intercourse and pain when moving the bowels.Full Answer >
Symptoms of an ovarian cyst may include a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, frequent or difficult urination, pelvic area pain, nausea, and breast tenderness, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms are most noticeable with large ovarian cysts.Full Answer >
Symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst include pain in the pelvic area, fever, fainting, dizziness and rapid breathing, according to Healthline. The woman may also experience nausea, vomiting and pain during intercourse, according to WebMD. A very serious complication of a ruptured ovarian cyst is internal bleeding.Full Answer >
After a laparoscopy for an ovarian cyst, patients can resume normal activities within a day, according to WebMD. Patients should avoid exercise and strenuous activity for approximately one week following the surgery.Full Answer >