Osteopenia is a bone condition in which an individual's bone density is lower than it should be. If the individual's bone density falls even lower, the condition is classified as osteoporosis. Low bone density means the individual's bones are not strong enough and may lead to a number of complications, according to WebMD.
A person with osteopenia is at a heightened risk of breaking or fracturing bones. An individual with this condition is likely to be unaware of it since it does not have any symptoms.
Some of the main causes of this condition include excessive consumption of alcohol, use of harmful substances such as cigarettes, limited activity or movement by an individual, having a very thin body structure, chronic inflammation brought about by a medical condition and certain medications.
To remedy the situation, consume foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D, which are both responsible for bone development. Vitamin D can also be acquired by taking a few minutes to bask in the sun. A doctor may also treat an underlying condition in order to ensure the patient returns to good health.
To prevent this condition, avoid consuming more than two alcoholic beverages per day, eat a balanced diet and avoid smoking, states MedicineNet.