Some of the most common treatment methods for osteoporosis include medications, lifestyle modifications and exercise, according to WebMD. Other treatments for osteoporosis include strontium, selective estrogen receptor modulators and the medication Forteo.
Some common medications used to treat osteoporosis are Boniva, Actonel, Binosto and Fosomax, states WebMD. These medicines work by slowing the breakdown of bone, thus inhibiting bone loss. It is very important to take these medications exactly as directed, as they can cause damage to the esophagus if taken incorrectly.
Lifestyle modifications, such as exercise and a healthy diet, also help to treat or prevent osteoporosis, says WebMD. Walking, dancing and lifting weights are all good exercises. A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is also important. Foods that contain high amounts of these nutrients include cheese, salmon, tofu and eggs.
Strontium is an alternative method of treating osteoporosis, explains WebMD. Strontium is similar to calcium, and studies show that it helps new bone grow while slowing the breakdown of the old bone. Selective estrogen receptor modulators are medications given to postmenopausal women that mimic the bone-strengthening effects of estrogen. Research indicates that these medicines increase bone density and decrease cholesterol without increasing the risk of uterine cancer.
Forteo is a synthetic form of parathyroid hormone. It is the first drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration that builds new bone and increases bone mineral density, says WebMD. It is self-administered by daily injection for up to 24 months.