Non-invasive treatment of knee spurs includes cold compresses and anti-inflammatory oral or injectable medication, according to MedicineNet. A doctor also may suggest physical therapy and rest to reduce any pain associated with the spur, notes University of Rochester Medical Center. Most bone spurs are asymptomatic, so they don't require any type of treatment, explains MedicineNet.
A patient may have difficulty extending or bending his knee without pain if he has bone spurs, according to Mayo Clinic. Often these symptomatic bone spurs interfere with the tendons and bones of the knee and also cause swelling.
When symptoms begin, a patient should schedule an appointment with a doctor to confirm the presence of a bone spur with an X-ray or other imaging study, notes Mayo Clinic. A doctor only recommends surgery for knee spurs if there is significant pain or the spur inhibits movement, according to University of Rochester Medical Center.
Bones spurs form as a result of inflammation, and there is no way to prevent them, explains MedicineNet. Tendonitis can cause bone spurs, and sometimes bone spurs are the result of knee arthritis. Risk factors for osteoarthritis include old age, weight above the normal range and repetitive stress injuries, notes WebMD. In rare cases, a bone spur is the result of congenital conditions, notes MedicineNet.