Surgery is not needed to correct a vitamin D-3 deficiency. The deficiency can be corrected through dietary changes and vitamin supplements, according to WebMD. Muscle weakness and bone pain are the two most common symptoms of this vitamin deficiency, although many people experience no symptoms.
In adults, vitamin D-3 deficiency can cause cardiovascular disease, cancer and cognitive impairment. In children, a vitamin D-3 deficiency helps to cause asthma and rickets, a condition characterized by soft bones. People who are vegan, have dark skin, are obese or have digestive disorders are at risk for a vitamin D-3 deficiency, reports WebMD. The deficiency is usually diagnosed with a blood test.