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What is the onset process of typhoid fever?

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Typhoid fever begins with a fever that begins slowly and worsens every day, claims Mayo Clinic. This fever can go as high as nearly 105 degrees Fahrenheit. The patient also experiences weakness, muscle aches, fatigue, headache and sweating.

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Other symptoms that signal the onset of typhoid fever are an unproductive cough, loss of weight and appetite, diarrhea or constipation, rash, and a distended abdomen, says Mayo Clinic. It is important that the patient receives treatment at this time before the disease progresses.

Later stages of the disease include delirium and the typhoid state, posits Mayo Clinic. In this state the patient lies in utter exhaustion with his eyes half-closed. If the disease is still not treated at this point, complications set in that can lead to his death.

Complications of typhoid fever include a bleeding or perforated intestine, according to Mayo Clinic. The holes in the intestine allow the contents to contaminate the patient's abdominal cavity, which leads to nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. It can also lead to an infection of the patient's blood. Other complications are inflammation of the muscles, valves and lining of the heart, pneumonia, pancreatitis, and infections of the kidney or bladder.

Typhoid fever patients who aren't treated also risk meningitis and mental derangements, claims Mayo Clinic. The disease is caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria.

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