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Is there more than one type of amyloidosis?

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Quick Answer

There are six types of amyloidosis including, primary, secondary, dialysis-related, familial, senile systemic and organ-specific amyloidosis, as stated by WebMD. These conditions are caused by an abnormal protein buildup in the tissues and organs.

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Full Answer

Amyloidosis is a serious condition that can cause organ failure and even death. This illness is the result of a build-up of protein on certain tissues and organs in the body, affecting their shape and their effective operation. According to WebMD, there are six types of amyloidosis.

  • Primary amyloidosis
  • This is the most frequently occurring type of amyloidosis, and is systemic. It can affect the kidneys, heart, liver, intestines and nerves.

  • Secondary amyloidosis
  • Usually the result of chronic inflammatory diseases and some cancers, secondary amyloidosis affects the spleen, kidneys, liver, adrenal gland and lymph nodes.

  • Dialysis-related amyloidosis
  • Seen in older people and those on dialysis for more than 5 years, this condition affects many tissues fed by the circulatory system. It usually affects the joints, bones and tendons.

  • Familial amyloidosis
  • This is a rare form of amyloidosis caused by an abnormal protein made in the liver.

  • Senile systemic amyloidosis
  • Usually seen in older men, this condition causes a build-up of proteins in the heart and other tissues.

  • Organ-specific amyloidosis
  • This unique type of amyloidosis causes a build-up of proteins in specific single organs or even the skin.

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