Ninety percent of people who receive a kidney transplant from a live donor live at least five years, as of 2015, according to Mayo Clinic. Eight-two percent of kidney transplant recipients who receive kidneys from deceased donors live at least five years following the transplant.
A kidney transplant recipient must take medications for the remainder of his life; this is to prevent his body from rejecting the donated kidney, explains eMedicineHealth. The patient must also remain vigilant for signs of infection or recurrence of the original condition that led to the need for a kidney transplant. High cholesterol, liver disease and weakened bones are other issues that may arise in a person who has undergone a kidney transplant.