Taking an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as naproxen or ibuprofen, and pressing an ice pack on the affected joint are immediate steps to take to relieve pain and inflammation during a gout attack, states the Arthritis Foundation. Doctors sometimes prescribe an anti-inflammatory medication if another gout attack occurs. It helps to rest the painful foot on pillows above the chest level to reduce swelling.
To relieve a gout attack, a person should make an ice pack by wrapping a bag of crushed ice with a dish cloth and apply it on the aching joint for 20 to 30 minutes several times throughout the day, suggests the Arthritis Foundation. Doctors may recommend a new medication, prompt the gout patient to undergo a joint fluid test or inject a corticosteroid for fast inflammation relief. It's important to receive treatment in less than 24 hours following a gout attack to make it shorter and less severe.
Gout patients should drink at least 16 cups of water daily to reduce uric acid, which causes the joint pain, and prevent the development of kidney stones due to high uric acid levels in the body, explains the Arthritis Foundation. Alcohol and high-purine foods aggravate gout attacks. Doctors advise using a cane during an attack to reduce pressure on the affected joint and using socks with a hole in the toe areas.