The main nutrient that pasta provides is carbohydrates, according to Food-Info. Pasta also contains some minerals as well as phosphorous and vitamins B1 and B2.
As noted by The Real Italian Pasta, pasta is known and enjoyed by many people as a comfort food that is also low in fat. Although The Real Italian Pasta estimates that there are about 10.9 grams of protein in each 100 grams of wheat flour pasta, it contains an imbalance of essential amino acids, says Food-Info. Given the low protein value of pasta by itself, Food-Info stresses the importance of pairing pastas with sauces or other dishes to help increase its nutritional value.