According to the American Pregnancy Association, serum bilirubin levels that exceed 10 milligrams at under 24 hours after birth, above 15 milligrams at 24 to 48 hours after birth, above 18 milligrams at 49 to 72 hours after birth and above 20 milligrams after 72 hours beyond birth require treatment. Any range below these levels is considered healthy and normal.Continue Reading
KidsHealth notes that high serum bilirubin levels indicate newborn jaundice, which has symptoms that include the yellowing of eyes and skin, difficulty feeding and excessive sleepiness. When jaundice is left untreated and serum bilirubin levels exceed 25 milligrams, there is a risk of brain damage, cerebral palsy and deafness.
According to KidsHealth, mild and moderate cases of jaundice typically resolve on their own at one to two weeks of age, as the body expels bilirubin through bowel movements. Frequent feedings or supplementation with formula help to speed up the process. For high levels of bilirubin, phototherapy is used to alter the bilirubin within the baby's body and make it easier to expel. A newborn may be readmitted to the hospital to treat high levels of bilirubin in the blood, and in rare cases, a blood exchange may be necessary to remove the bilirubin from the blood.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
Direct bilirubin that exceeds 0.3 milligrams per deciliter and total bilirubin that exceeds 1.9 milligrams per deciliter is considered to be higher than normal levels of bilirubin in adults, as stated by MedlinePlus. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that can be found in bile. Bilirubin is the byproduct of the breakdown of old red blood cells, and it is removed from the body and into stool by the liver.Full Answer >
Jaundice becomes dangerous when bilirubin levels exceed 20 to 25 milligrams per deciliter. High bilirubin levels, which indicate severe jaundice, can cause extreme sleepiness, seizures, muscle rigidity and intellectual disability, according to MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
Normal blood sugar levels for nondiabetic adults are between 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter before breakfast, also called fasting blood sugar, and below 140 milligrams per deciliter two hours after eating any meal, according to Virginia Mason Medical Center. Diabetes is often diagnosed with an oral glucose tolerance test.Full Answer >
Adults with elevated bilirubin levels receive treatment for the cause of the elevation rather than the elevation itself, says MedicineNet.com. Patients whose bilirubin levels are elevated because of an increase in the breakdown of blood may require a blood transfusion. Surgery may be necessary when the cause is gallstone obstruction.Full Answer >