The pancreas secretes several digestive enzymes. The two most commonly tested enzymes are lipase and amylase. According to Healthline, normal lipase levels are anything less than 160 units per liter. The normal amylase level ranges from 23 to 85 units per liter.Continue Reading
According to Cedars-Sinai, lipase breaks down fats in the digestive system while amylase breaks down carbohydrates. Healthline states that abnormally high lipase levels may be a symptom of pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer or celiac disease. Drugs such as opiates and birth control pills also affect lipase levels.
According to Healthline, abnormal amylase levels might also indicate pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer and can also be a sign of ectopic pregnancy or mumps. Medications such as aspirin, opiates, and some birth control and chemotherapy drugs also affect amylase levels.Learn more about Medical Ranges & Levels
A low lipase level indicates that the pancreas is not producing enough of the enzyme lipase, states Healthline. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, low lipase levels might be found in people with medical conditions such as cystic fibrosis, celiac disease and Crohn's disease.Full Answer >
Low insulin levels occur when the beta cells of the pancreas do not produce enough insulin, according to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. This can occur in diabetes, hypopituitarism or pancreatitis.Full Answer >
Elevated levels of the liver enzyme gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, or GGT, may be caused by habits and conditions that damage the liver, including overconsumption of alcohol and drugs, hepatitis, loss of blood flow to the liver and cirrhosis of the liver, according to Healthline. Heart failure can also raise levels of GGT.Full Answer >
Healthline states that low LDH levels indicate a lower than normal level of lactate dehydrogenase, an enzyme that aids in the conversion of sugar to energy, in the bloodstream. Low levels can be caused by genetic mutations or a large intake of vitamin C.Full Answer >